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What is Audio Mixing?


Audio mixing is the process of optimizing and combining multitrack recordings into a final mono, stereo or surround sound product. In the process of combining the separate tracks, their relative levels are adjusted and balanced and various processes such as equalization and compression are commonly applied to individual tracks, groups of tracks, and the overall mix.

Mixing also includes hard editing such as clearing out unwanted frequencies or audio sections or choosing sections from multiple recording take’s to piece together to create a better sounding lead track. Mixing can also include building additional musical elements from scratch.

Audio Mixing Service


Prep Work 


Before you can begin to mix, you have to prep your session. The more organized you are, the faster you’ll mix. It also keeps you from getting overwhelmed by the mess of audio files you have. A good prep will even improve the quality of the audio! This step may include Organizing the tracks on your sequencer. I personally like to start with the rhythmic percussive sections on the top working my way down to the bass, then melodic sections and vocals last. Color coding tracks, relabeling tracks, deleting empty or unwanted tracks, hiding unused tracks, sending individual tracks or groups of tracks to buses, Gain staging audio files, inputting tempo data and time signature data into your session, importing reference tracks. 


Volume Leveling & Equalization (EQ) 


Leveling a song is also known as the process of gain staging a song. Gain staging or leveling just means that you are adjusting the volumes of each element to fit them perfectly in the mix. This is where you would change the volume of an instrument or a vocal to appear well in front of the mix. Gain staging can be a hard task to do when you have about 100 plus tracks in your project. You can tackle them by grouping them one by one. Starting from drum elements, bass and moving towards the other elements of the mix would help to have clarity in gain staging. Equalization is the meat of the mixing process. Equalization is a process in which the audio spectrum is being manipulated to get the best sounding audio for the song or music in the project. One of the most important aspects of mixing is using EQ to “carve out” a specific frequency range for instruments or vocals so they don’t conflict with each other. If instruments have their own sonic space, it’s easier to hear each instrument’s unique contribution, which increases the mix’s clarity.


Compressors and limiters are used to reduce dynamic range — the span between the softest and loudest sounds. Using compression can make your tracks sound more polished by controlling maximum levels and maintaining higher average loudness. There are so many types of compression being used in today’s mixing world. Some people love bus compression and some people opt for side-chain compressors.

Even though the taste of audio engineers differs so much, the quality of the end song always remains clean when compressors are used. Alternately, over-compressing your music can really squeeze the life out of it. Having a good grasp of the basics will go a long way toward understanding how compression works, and confidently using it to your advantage. 

Here are some of the steps a Producer may take to Mix a Track